By Fred McGraw Donner
Quantity X of al-Tabari's immense chronicle is dedicated to 2 major topics. the 1st is the choice of Abu Bakr because the first caliph or successor to the Prophet Muh'ammad following the Prophet's dying in 632 C.E. This component of the History finds a few of the internal divisions that existed in the early Muslim group, and sheds gentle at the pursuits and motivations of varied events within the debates that led as much as Abu Bakr's acclamation as caliph.
The moment major topic of quantity X is the riddah or "apostasy"--actually a chain of rebellions opposed to Muslim domination by means of a number of tribes in Arabia that needed to wreck their ties with Medina following the Prophet's dying. The History deals one of many extra huge collections of debts approximately this early series of occasions to be present in the Arabic ancient literature. It presents richly particular info at the rebellions themselves and at the efforts made by means of Abu Bakr and his Muslim supporters to quell them. It additionally tells us a lot approximately relationships one of the tribes of Arabia, neighborhood topography, army perform, and the most important group of workers, association, and constitution of the early Islamic state.
The profitable suppression of the riddah marked the transformation of the Muslim nation from a small religion neighborhood of significance merely in West Arabia to a way more robust political entity, embracing the entire Arabian peninsula and poised to unharness a wave of conquests that will almost immediately engulf the whole close to East and North Africa. The riddah era is, therefore, an important to knowing the eventual visual appeal of Islam as a massive actor at the level of global background.
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